In this lecture, Professor Cumming will define the idea of “expertise” and then describe its potential for students and teachersinvolved in writing in such languages as English.
Most education aims simply to develop competence in second-language writing through relevant declarative, procedural, and tacit knowledge. That is important. But a focus on expertise promotes additional abilities, processes, and motivating conditions: self-regulation and flexibility, intentionality to maximize learning opportunities, pattern recognition of promisingness for long-term goals, satisfaction and excitement in performance and accomplishment, collaboration with others, and subcultures that learn from, contribute to, and recognize the value of others. Professor Cumming will recommend ways in which these aspects of expertise can be fostered in students and in teachers of second-language writing.