This lecture offers advice, based on Professor Cumming’s teaching experiences and on various research studies, to guide university professors and instructors to promote their students’ development of writing in English in university courses. All instructors are actually writing instructors and professor Cumming suggests that writing instruction should involve the following three fundamental functions:
1. Design and model tasks (as texts, as composing processes, and as sociocultural practices);
2. Scaffold writing production (scaffolding or guiding students to produce writing successfully);
3. Assess written texts (for diagnostic, formative, normative, and summative purposes).